Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune condition that mainly affects the joints.
Stem cell therapy is a relatively new area of research that is showing promise in treating autoimmune conditions such as this.
What Causes Rheumatoid Arthritis?
In rheumatoid arthritis (RA), the immune system mistakenly attacks the tissue that lines the joints, which can cause pain, inflammation, swelling, and stiffness.
This inflammation can extend to the cartilage that covers the ends of joints and causes irreversible damage and loss of function. It can also damage other tissues, including the lungs, heart, kidney, skin, and eyes.
How Can Stem Cells Treat Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Stem cell therapy may help reduce inflammation and increase the presence of healthy cells in the body.
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which can be found in umbilical cord tissue, are types of stem cell that can develop into cartilage and bone.
Synovial MSC therapy involves injecting these cells directly into the tissues surrounding the affected joints.
Some research shows that MSCs are also able to suppress the immune system and reduce the body’s inflammatory response. This makes MSC therapy a promising treatment option for autoimmune conditions such as RA.
Stem cell research is still in the very early stages of scientific investigation and needs more analysis.